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  • Writer's pictureSean

DIY Compost Bin: A Step-by-Step Guide

Updated: Aug 6, 2023


example compost bins

Hello, aspiring composters! If you're ready to embark on your composting journey at home, building your own compost bin is a fantastic starting point. A DIY compost bin is not only cost-effective but also enables you to tailor it according to your specific needs. In this guide, we'll walk you through the process of creating a simple yet effective compost bin using pallets. Let's dive into the world of composting! And if you're curious about the benefits of composting, don't miss our comprehensive article, The Unseen Benefits of Composting.


Why Build a DIY Compost Bin?


Crafting your own compost bin has numerous advantages. It's generally more economical than purchasing a commercially produced compost bin. Moreover, homemade compost bins can accommodate a wider variety of waste types compared to store-bought ones. This is because you have control over the design, permitting more airflow and thus more efficient breakdown of diverse materials.

Having the ability to customize the size and design of your bin according to your space and waste output is a significant bonus. A small yard? Craft a compact bin. Lots of kitchen scraps and yard waste? Opt for a larger bin. Plus, the hands-on experience of building your own compost bin adds to the satisfaction of your commitment to sustainable living.


Materials needed:


  • Four wooden pallets of the same size (choose pallets not chemically treated; heat-treated or untreated pallets are safer for composting)

  • Heavy-duty wire, zip ties, or nails/screws for securing the pallets

  • Heavy-duty wire, zip ties, or metal plates for securing the pallets

  • Optional: chicken wire for lining the bin

  • piece of plywood or tarp for a lid

Search for pallets at local businesses, construction sites, or online marketplaces. Remember to ask permission before taking pallets!

Try to look for a stamp indicating how the pallets were treated. You can look up their meaning online.


Building the Bin


Step 1: Prepare Your Pallets

Ensure your pallets are free from broken slats or protruding nails. If you plan to line your bin with chicken wire (aids in containing smaller materials), attach it using a staple gun or fence staples.


Step 2: Assemble the Base

Identify a level spot in your yard that has good drainage and gets some sunlight. This will be the location of your compost bin. The pile can sit directly on the ground, allowing worms and other beneficial organisms to access the compost and enrich the soil.


Step 3: Attach the Sides

Position a pallet on each side of the base, forming a U-shape. Secure them using heavy-duty wire, zip ties, or nails.


Step 4: Add the Front

The fourth pallet serves as the final wall of your bin. At the initial stages of your composting, when you might have a large amount of material to add, you can lean this pallet against the U-shaped structure for easier access. After the composting process begins in earnest, the fourth pallet can be permanently secured. When it's time to remove the finished compost, you have the option to temporarily remove this wall if necessary.


Step 5: Optional Lid

If you prefer to have a lid for your compost bin to safeguard it against excessive rainfall, consider using an old tarp or a cut-to-size piece of plywood. Make sure the lid is secure yet easily removable for when you want to add materials or turn your compost.


Your DIY compost bin is now ready!


Using Your DIY Compost Bin

Start composting by adding 'green' and 'brown' materials as they accumulate. Aim for a 1:3 green to brown ratio for a healthy compost pile. Here's a simple guide for what to add:


Some Examples of "Green" Materials (Nitrogen-rich):

  • Fruit and vegetable scraps

  • Coffee grounds and filters

  • Grass clippings

  • Fresh leaves


Some Examples of "Brown" Materials (Carbon-rich):

  • Dry leaves

  • Straw or hay

  • Shredded paper or cardboard

  • Sawdust (not treated)


Avoid composting meat, dairy, or diseased plants as they can attract pests and create unpleasant odors. If you are looking to compost these materials consider Bokashi Composting.


Stir your compost pile regularly to aerate and hasten the composting process. The open slats in the pallets will also help keep the pile aerated. Monitor the moisture levels — adding browns if too wet, and greens, or water if too dry. For a more detailed guide on using your compost bin, head over to our article on How to Maintain a Compost Pile for Optimal Results.


Your homemade compost bin isn't just a testament to your commitment to sustainability; it's also a tool for nurturing your garden. Dive into this DIY project and become an eco-warrior today! We'd love to see your composting adventures, so don't hesitate to share your experiences with us.

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